You all met Larry last week in our article about Painting Like a Pro, and I mentioned that Larry and his company also hang wall coverings. For today’s Pro-Follow I was back on a job site with Larry and his business partner Jim as they wallpapered two bathrooms in a model home. Larry explained that the demand for wallpaper fluctuates, and right now he’s seeing business pick up. Homeowners and designers are using more wallpaper and often as an accent wall.
Modern wallpaper is actually vinyl laminated to a fiber or paper backing. The quality of wallpaper can vary drastically with good paper being thicker and less likely to tear. Also, some papers will show creases if you fold them over. For today’s Pro-Follow the guys are using Questex brand paper, and they said it’s a decent quality paper.
Like the wallpaper, there is a variety of adhesives available with pros and cons. For instance, clay adhesive is tough to spread and clean, and it’s also expensive. However, clay adhesive provides excellent tacking, and it incorporates less moisture which can make wallpaper expand. Larry and Jim are using Roman Pro-838 commercial pre-mixed vinyl adhesive, and with this paper it gives about 10 – 15 minutes of open (work) time.
- Adhesive roller (paint roller)
- Breakaway-razor knife
- Long shears
- Drywall knife
- Wallpaper brush (pictured)
- Seam roller (pictured)
Most wallpapers feature a pattern, and Larry emphasized the importance of understanding the pattern repeat before starting. There are three common pattern repeats, and here are a few details about each:
- No match / random match
Like the name implies, paper with no match or random match is easy to hang because you don’t need to worry about aligning a pattern. The paper was created to look good regardless of how adjacent pieces of paper are oriented.
- Straight across match
This pattern requires that each piece of wallpaper start at the same point along the ceiling line. The guys are installing wallpaper with a straight across match today.
- Drop match
This is the most difficult pattern match because the pattern starts over after two (or more) pieces of wallpaper. Pieces need to be hung in order and aligned vertically and horizontally. Also, this style requires more rolls of paper because it creates more waste.
Pro-Tip: Professional installers usually examine the wall paper pattern and determine a good-looking top along the ceiling line or central focal point depending on the pattern.
Pro-Tip: Geometric shapes and stripes are more difficult to hang because they can accentuate out-of-level walls, ceilings and corners.
Wallpaper can be hung over a variety of surfaces including old wallpaper. Wall prep is very important for a successful job, and new drywall or patched drywall should be primed. Existing paper should be inspected for peeling or blistering, and if that’s the case, the paper should be removed or sealed and a liner applied.
Pro-Tip: When hanging paper over an existing vinyl wallpaper, use a vinyl-over-vinyl adhesive.
Step 1: Apply Adhesive
For this project, the guys are using an un-pasted wall covering (not pre-pasted) so they used a paint roller to apply a thin, even coat of adhesive. Larry and Jim took special care to cover all the seams.
Most manufacturers require booking the paper to allow moisture to permeate and the wallpaper to expand. Larry and Jim booked each section of wallpaper for about 5 minutes per manufacturer recommendation.
Pro-Talk: Booking wallpaper means folding the paper over so the glued faces are touching (glue-on-glue), folding the paper over again several times and letting it sit.
Pro-Tip: Jim and Larry identified the top of each section by folding over the corner.
To book the paper, the guys have applied adhesive and folded the paper by thirds. Next, they folded the paper over again several times and set it aside for about 5 minutes. Some papers (not today’s) will show creases so it’s important to be careful when folding the paper.
Step 2: Cut to Size
If necessary, the guys would setup a straight-edge and use a utility knife to cut the width of the wallpaper. The height of the wallpaper is cut after hanging.
Pro-Tip: Since walls and corners are rarely square, the guys usually added 1/8″ extra to their measurements.
Step 3: Hang the Paper
Before hanging, the guys used a level to set up plumb lines to use as guides. When papering a room, the beginning and end point are usually the same, and Jim and Larry like to position that in an inconspicuous location like behind the entry door.
To hang the paper, the guys would start by grabbing a section of booked wallpaper and partially unfolding it to reveal the glue surface.
Pro-Tip: A common DIYer mistake is to start hanging in a corner assuming that the corner is plumb.
Pro-Tip: Notice the tiny relief-cut at the top of the paper enabling it to turn the corner. These are also useful going around trim and other fixtures.
Aligning the paper with their guide and starting at the edge, they would press the paper against the wall. Working from top to bottom, they would unfold the rest of the paper and get the seam in place.
Step 4: Align Pattern
Carefully so as to not stretch the paper, Jim and Larry would shift the paper to align the pattern.
Step 5: Roll Seams
Next, they would use a seam roller to seal the seam.
Pro-Tip: If you press to hard, seam rollers can leave depressions in the paper.
Step 6: Brush Bubbles
After that, the guys would brush the paper toward the exposed edge and eliminate any bubbles.
Step 7: Make Cutouts
At this point, the guys would make any necessary cutouts for things like towel bar brackets or light switches.
The guys also trimmed around door and window casing, and having an extendable knife was very handy.
Step 8: Edge Top and Bottom
Using a drywall knife, the guys pressed the paper snug, created a score line and trimmed the top and bottom to length.
From the picture below, you can see how the guys decided to start the pattern along the ceiling with that large flower.
Step 9: Sponge Clean and Re-check
After the paper was in place, the guys used a damp sponge to clean away any adhesive and to ensure the paper was fully adhered to the wall.
Pro-Tip: Using your hand to smooth the paper can actually smudge the pattern on cheaper paper.
Pro-Tip: Leftover adhesive on the face of the wallpaper can cause the pattern to flake.
On modern wallpaper, joints are created by butting two adjacent pieces of wallpaper next to each other. The only exception to this rule is in the corners where (sometimes) a wrap-and-overlap seam is used. Wrap-and-overlap seams prevent the wallpaper from pulling away from the corner, and they also help correct for out-of-square corners.
Pro-Tip: Rounding the corner (no seam) is another common DIYer mistake that Larry and Jim see.
On an inside corner, Larry and Jim hang the first piece so that it just turns the corner.
The next piece of wallpaper overlaps the first, and the guys work to match up the pattern as best they can.
For outside corners, if the corner is not very out-of-square, the guys will simply round the corner. Otherwise, the process is similar to an inside corner except that the seam is placed farther from the corner to better prevent it from getting snagged.
As previously mentioned, the starting point is also often the ending point when papering a room, and that was true for this bathroom. Invariably, this results in a breakpoint where the pattern is disrupted. The guys planned this behind and above the entry door to be as inconspicuous as possible.
It was very cool to see these guys in action, and the finished product looks great.